ADHD

ADHD is a neurological condition due to which child has inability to focus, is restless and impulsive. ADHD usually begins in childhood but may continue into the adult years. It is the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder in children. ADHD is diagnosed much more often in boys than in girls.

These children also tend to talk incessantly and to be socially intrusive and immature. They generally have many social problems because of their impulsivity and overactivity. They have great difficulty in getting along with their parents because they do not obey rules. Their behaviour problems also result in their being viewed negatively by their peers. They usually do poorly in school and often show comorbid specific learning disabilities such as difficulties in reading, writing or in learning academics.

Types of ADHD

Inattentive type:

Unable To Pay Attention To Details


Making Careless Errors in Homework
Difficulty in Maintaining Attention
Difficulty Following Instruction
Forgetful
An inattentive child often fails to give attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work or other activities. Often has difficulty in attending in tasks or play activities. Often does not seem to listen when spoken to directly. In inattentive type of ADHD, the child often does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties in the workplace (not due to oppositional behaviour or failure to understand instructions.)

Hyperactive- Impulsive type

Fidgeting


Difficulty In Remaining Seated
Excessive Running or Climbing
Giving Answers Without Hearing Full Question
Difficulty Waiting For Turn or When In Line
A hyperactive child often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat. He/she Often leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected. This child often runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate and is often “on the go” or often acts as if “driven by motor”. They also talks excessively.
Due to impulsivity, child often blurts out answers before questions have been completed, has difficulty awaiting turn and often interrupts or intrudes on others.

Combined Type:

In this type of ADHD, child exhibit symptoms from both the other two types namely inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive type.



The specific causes of ADHD are still unknown. Major contributing factors include genetic predisposition, infection during pregnancy, neurological imbalance in brain, environmental infection. Treatment for ADHD includes use of medication (above 6 years of age) along with behavioral therapy.
Behavior therapy includes goals such as creation of routine, being organized, improve communication with the ADHD child and other techniques to discipline child effectively.
A detailed examination by either clinical psychologist or psychiatrist is required to confirm the diagnosis of ADHD.

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